In Luotuocheng, a former stronghold on the silk road in the Gobi Desert, ground- and surface water resources are unsustainably managed. Extensive agricultural development in the oasis has caused the groundwater level at the borders of the oasis to dwindle by dozens of meters and the terminal lake of the Heihe River to vanish.
Although there is a surface water canal serving the Luotuocheng irrigation district, the supply of surface water for irrigation purposes is inadequate and the farmers mainly rely on groundwater. With several local and Swiss project partners tools are implemented to monitor the groundwater abstraction rates, the groundwater levels, and the surface water delivery rates in real time. hydrosolutions ltd. is responsible for the real-time data assimilation of observed groundwater levels into a numerical groundwater model that can ultimately be used to inform sustainable management strategies on conjunctive water resources use.